Sunday, May 17, 2020

Creative Writing on Community Spirit

Name of the Sales Team: Y The Manager, XYZ Excellence Awards Program Dear Sir, RE:   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   NOMINATION OF MR. X FOR THE XYZ EXCELLENCE AWARD, COMMUNITY SPIRIT CATEGORY We are pleased to nominate Mr. X for the above award. Mr. X has been our Area Manager for a period of †¦. During this period, we have known him as a real ambassador of the Company’s Community Spirit. We believe that this is the time to reward his outstanding services and dedication. Mr. X has been an invaluable asset in building the Company’s ethical and social reputation. Workplace unity has always been his guiding principle. This has enabled us interact freely with each other, learn from each other, and appreciate our diversity. In essence, we have become one family, with strong sense of belonging and unyielding friendship. Mr. X’s Community Spirit efforts go beyond the Company’s boundaries. He has been a good representative to the community as well. He treats the community at large as important stakeholders of the company. Mr. X has always been dedicated to giving back to the community. He continues to support community activities by dedicating his time, resources, and talents, and encourages his colleagues to do the same. This makes us believe that he is the most suited candidate for the above award. We, the thirteen members of Y Sales Team, believe that rewarding Mr. X is rewarding excellence. Regards, Y Sales Team (X and Y are not the real names)

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Working At Ibm As A Software Engineer - 2557 Words

One thing that a person realizes when they start working in a group of people is the fact that people are diverse. This can be in their way of thinking, their actions and even in the way they relate to one another. This makes the expected results to vary and become subjective in all manner of ways. This paper focuses on a clear description of the events that took place while I was working at IBM as a software engineer. This paper will focus with one of the projects; VPMI, which happened to be a very complex endeavor, not just for me, but also the team I was working with. Having been selected for the project for the sole reasons of my educational background; software engineering, I was automatically made the technical leader of the group. My other colleagues made the rest of the team. The way this group was structured was in a manner that everyone had a specific job to do, for instance, I was given the task of directing the other group members on the software to use for coding, how to do it in the simplest form and to present all the final material to the project manager after I had reviewed it. The task sounded simple when spelt out, however, it was not the case when work started. We usually had to meet occasionally for the purpose of discussing the next mile-stone for the project. This happened every Monday in the conference room, during this time we would agree on the project’s direction and the way that we would execute it. The project manager would facilitate this and weShow MoreRelatedWorking At Ibm As A Software Engineer2513 Words   |à ‚  11 Pages One thing that a person realizes when they start working in a group of people is the fact that people are diverse. This can be in their way of thinking, their actions and even in the way they relate to one another. This makes the expected results to vary and become subjective in all manner of ways. This paper focuses on a clear description of the events that took place while I was working at IBM as a software engineer. This paper will focus with one of the projects; VPMI, which happened to be aRead MoreSwot Analysis : The Business Sector Essay1252 Words   |  6 Pageskeeping all PIN numbers secure. IBM will be qualified for permit anybody utilizing costumers PIN to demand data or follow up for your sake. On the off chance that Costumer give IBM any directions, IBM may need time to check them before we follow up on them. IBM to be marginally undervalued because of the characteristic esteem inside its portfolio that is not perceived in the offer cost. It is a well-known wonder/aberrance that the value business sector is esteeming IBM at a markdown to crucial qualityRead MoreImportance Of Software Testing On Quality1036 Words   |  5 Pagesquestions that are used to explain the significance of software testing on quality in a sequential order. What are the Existing Procedures for Software Testing as Related to (1) Manual Testing and (2) Automated Testing? This research question is addressed by splitting into two sub questions. The first sub question is what are the existing procedures for software testing pertaining to manual testing? What are the existing procedures for software testing pertaining to manual testing? Manual testingRead MoreEmployment in the Information, Communication and Technology Sector1200 Words   |  5 PagesTechnology Sector Terms of Reference The purpose of this report is to fulfil the criteria laid out in the Communications and Work Experience Modules, G20001 and W200008 Introduction According to IBM, data created in the last two years account for 90% of the information available on networks and the internet. (IBM Research) As a consequence, it is not surprising that there is such high Information, Communications and Technology (ICT) skills demand. In May 2013, FIT Ireland (Fast Track to IT) conductedRead MoreComputer Engineering1702 Words   |  7 Pagespossessing a degree in the field of computer engineering is in the enviable position of being able to pick and choose among job offers with several major computer companies and other Fortune 500 employers. 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KEY SKILLS/EXPERIENCE †¢ Diagnosis system design †¢ Software design of mini language †¢ Hardware Failure Mode and Effects Analysis †¢ Automated Software diagnosis †¢ Root Cause Analysis †¢ New Product Introduction and Service Rollout †¢ Critical Situation Management †¢ Organize and communicate on cross functional teams ACCOMPLISHMENTS Designed and implemented a mini language for automated software diagnosis. Generated a grammar for the given use cases, leveraged parser fromRead MoreThe World s Biggest Pc Programming1275 Words   |  6 Pagesbusiness visionary who helped to establish, alongside Paul Allen, Microsoft, the world s biggest PC programming organization. Gates indicted his first programming system at 13 years old. In secondary school he profited structure a gathering of software engineers who modernized their school s payroll framework and established Traf-O-Data, an organization that sold activity tallying frameworks to neighborhood governments. In 1975 Gates, then a sophomore at Harvard, joined the place where he grew up companionRead MoreThe 1964 Operating System by IBM Essay1126 Words   |  5 PagesWhy the 1964 Operating System by IBM was so important to how computers are made today? Gary Tibbals Fountainhead College of Technology During a press release April 7, 1964 IBM Board Chairman Thomas J. Watson Jr. announced this was the most important product in the company’s history. (unknown, IBM, 1964). IBM knew that this was a special system due to how the system support was on a wide array of applications and it was the first operating system to require direct-access storage devices

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Marijuana10 Essay Example For Students

Marijuana10 Essay In Amusing Ourselves to Death, Neil Postman alerts us to the dangers brought about by the way television conditions us to tolerate the brevity of visual entertainment. His message is that with each new technological medium introduced, there is a significant trade-off. His primary example was the medium of television. TV is structured to provide information to the viewer on a platform which is both quick and entertaining. This discourages any viewer subjectivity, allowing television to shape and dictate politics, education, religion, and journalism the essence of our discourse. Except for a few pages of enlightenment, the entire book was a conglomerated resource of evidence to support his hypothesis. Important facts underlined generalizations to present logical and agreeable viewpoints.(e.g. Television is our cultures principle mode of knowing about itself. Therefore how television stages the world becomes the model for how the world is properly to be staged( Postman 92) In other word s, how life is depicted on television is how we expect life to be.) And in most cases some truth could be found in Postmans statements (e.g. For no medium is excessively dangerous if its users understand what its dangers are.) (Postman161) Postmans final critical point was not merely enlightenment, but was a message to his reader and a solution aimed at educators: the point I am trying to make is that only through a deep and unfailing awareness of the structure and effects of information, through a Bibbs 2 demystification of media, is there any hope of our gaining some measure of control over television , or the computer, or any other medium. (Postman 161) I agree. Until we begin to question the content, origin, and purpose of what is expressed through television, only then can we truly understand and control the medium known as TV. More specifically my report will stress the merit of chapters six through eleven. The Age of Show Business is essential to the development of Postmans p rimary example of how the structure of television influences American culture. The problem is not that Tv presents us with entertaining subject matter but that all subject matter is presented as entertaining (Postman 87) Plainly stated, American television is devoted entirely to supplying its audience with entertainment. Television has made a profound impact on the American society. Postman claims that due to the influence of television as a medium, Americans no longer talk to each other, they entertain each other. In chapter six of Amusing Ourselves to Death , Neil Postman goes on to point out that because of television we do not exchange ideas; we exchange images. I found this to be a valid hypothesis when considering if and how television had been an influence on my styles of learning. While performing an in-class questionnaire, I discovered that the exercise both identified and defined several characteristics of what seemed to be a trend set in my learning pattern. Of the five c ategories mentioned in Kathleen McWhorters Study Critical Thinking Skills in College, collectively they revealed that I was a social, visual, and pragmatic but not opposed to creative learner. Bibbs 3 McWhorter defined a social learner as one who prefers to work closely with others and enjoys personal interaction; which explains my active classroom participation. Visual learners process information more effectively by seeing it in print, film, or through other visual mediums. Finally, pragmatic learners are practical, logical, and systematic and are comfortable following rules. (McWhorter 113) In all cases I can see where I fit the diagnosis. With this information it was evident that television had played a role in the development of my learning style. To make the connection, I will attempt to use a childrens television show. Sesame Street was my favorite show to watch on television; as a child my choices were limited! At that early age, Sesame Street was in a way programming me to become both a social and visual learner, or so I thought. Through the association of puppets with real people they provided a pseudo-learning environment that encouraged kids to sing-along the alphabet and attempt to solve arithmetic problems by counting sheep or how many cookies the cookie monster ate. This not only promoted a group atmosphere, but also displayed the learning that was taking place on screen, or did it? Although the show did try to instill into children a set of everyday values, (such as do onto others as you would have them do onto you) I don ‘t believe that the show alone (or those like it ) could ever replace the classroom setting. Under closer discretion I realized that the classroom provides a place of social interaction which is essential to the healthy development of children. The viewing of television is more or less a private, secluded act. In class, children can ponder the essence of questions asked by their teachers either amongst themselves or wit h their teacher. This is very important in the development of linguistics, the Bibbs 4 basis of higher elementary education, whereas television merely demands attention to images. Looking more deeply into the subject, I started to wonder if my learning styles would account for my exceptional aptitude and intellectual level being poorly portrayed through my high school transcripts. High school is largely conducted on an independent and auditory scale resulting with instructors hoping to find in their students some aspect of creativity. In my eyes, that concept is totally paradoxical. If educators encourage the institution of such educational programs which supplement long listening activities with quick editing, up-beat tunes, and fun images, when do they expect the student to adapt to lectures and critical analyzing ? Although I found a side of truth in my questioning, it was still no excuse; it didnt apply to me! Frankly I find myself surprised to say that I probably would have fai red about the same without the influence of television in my life. The printing press would have served as well as television in the aspect of becoming a visual learner. From just reading alone, I would assume to be a more logical thinker, causing my pragmatics to increase. And as far as being a social learner- well Ive always been a social person. In conclusion, I dont agree with Mr. Postman in the belief that our public discourse through the medium of television, is making us less social in the sense of conversation and epistemology. I feel that it is the way of 20th century man to communicate through his most for lack of a better term effective medium of communication as was that of our predecessors to communicate through theirs (i.e. print or debate). We are only following suit or maybe the natural course of man to be entertained by our discourse McWhorter, Kathleen. Study Skills and Crtical Thinking for College Students Postman, Neil. Amusing Ourselves to Death Bibliography: .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe , .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe .postImageUrl , .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe , .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe:hover , .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe:visited , .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe:active { border:0!important; } .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe:active , .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u9341524843b86d0f4772556fc676eabe:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: COMPASSION Essay

Sunday, April 19, 2020

Total Quality Management (TQM) as a Significant Issue in the Contemporary Strategic Management

The present paper is dedicated to Total Quality Management (TQM) as the present-day forefront issue in strategic management. The history of its emergence is discussed, and the evolution of business focus is outlined. TQM emphasizes continuous improvement at all organizational levels, focus on constant learning and advancement.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Total Quality Management (TQM) as a Significant Issue in the Contemporary Strategic Management specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The benefit of TQM is in its ability to provide a competitive edge for a company in the highly turbulent modern business environment under the conditions of globalization. TQM is also capable of increasing product quality and customer satisfaction due to increased customer focus, which adds exceptional value to it in the modern business settings. There are many sources of Total Quality Management origin, since the present concept is quite significant for managers worldwide. Total Quality Management (TQM) is a comparatively new concept in the area of strategic management; it emerged in the 1980s mainly as a response of the American companies to the competitive pressure of organizations from Japan (Teeravaraprug, Kitiwanwong, and Tong 102). However, there is also an opinion that the creation of TQM was the credit of the Union of Japanese Scientists and Engineers (JUSE) who targeted their effort at ensuring Japanese performance and competitiveness improvement in the postwar years (Powell 16). Ambang claims that TQM emerged worldwide as a response to the requirements of globalization (83). Hence, the origins of the TQM concept, model, and approach are unclear, and there is much less understanding thereof than there is attention for TQM implementation. The TQM approach rests on the assumption that a company can survive only due to continuous improvement of quality (Rampersad 1). Therefore, the TQM approach to the d esign of the organizational processes is focused on quality improvement, improvement of customer orientation and satisfaction, reduction of costs and throughput periods (Rampersad 1). TQM enables any company to acquire effectiveness, flexibility, and competitiveness in operations; it also assists in reduction of waste due to the emphasis on prevention efforts instead of detection and correction of mistakes (Rawlins 19-20). It is obvious from the overview of the contribution that TQM makes to the functioning of any business entity that it is now the cutting edge of strategic management efforts. The purpose of the present paper is therefore to delineate the advantages offered by TQM in more detail, and to assess its effectiveness in the modern business settings. Opinions of management researchers in the field of TQM application will also be critically assessed with the purpose of identifying the true value of TQM for strategic managerial initiatives.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More TQM is considered the modern paradigm of management (Jafar, Mohammad, Fariba, and Mehrdad 19). TQM stands alongside with Supply Chain Management (SCM) as the most important strategic approach for organizations (Talib, Rahman, and Qureshi 26). Judging from these evaluations, one may assume that TQM indeed occupies a central place in the modern strategic management initiatives. The chief reason for the key importance of TQM is that it attempts to achieve its goals (namely, cost reduction and quality increase) by means of informing all stakeholders about the quality issues (Wienclaw 3). TQM brings the increased use of teamwork and inspires the establishment of creative, innovative climate at any workplace, which is highly valued in the modern business environment as strategic advantages. It seems reasonable to suppose that the evolution in business paradigms and approaches is no t chaotic; there are always innovative solutions that meet the changing needs of market participants, both businesses and customers. Therefore, the shift from industry structure and competitive positioning that was dominant in the strategic management before the 1980s may be justified by the necessity of a new approach (Powell 15). It became clear in the 1980s that a generation of new business values and competencies came, and the companies should focus on culture, capabilities, administrative skills, know-how, and learning (Powell 15). This change brought about the creation of TQM that could respond to these organizational needs. Now, the TQM practices include top management commitment to the integration of TQM across all organizational levels; customer focus is the central element of the TQM implementation. Much emphasis is put on training an education as the major paths of increasing the human potential of the organization; continuous improvement and innovation become the benchma rks of TQM integration in the organization. Finally, the supplier management and employee management practices ensure compliance of all business processes and flawless operation in all aspects and at all departments (Talib, Rahman, and Qureshi 31). There is no doubt that such integrative approach to business operations dooms the company to success, improvement, and self-guided evolution. One can also assume the importance of TQM judging from the evidence of its overall positive effect on the company’s operation (Koc 213), and its ability to bring about product safety, flexibility in operations, quality improvement of the company’s output, and reduction of the cost of quality (Talib, Rahman, and Mehrdad 31).Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Total Quality Management (TQM) as a Significant Issue in the Contemporary Strategic Management specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The implementation process also c ontains some positive features, since it involves the comprehensive internal participation of management and employees. Consequently, once the staff of the company adopts the TQM philosophy both at the individual and collective level, the success of TQM integration becomes a much more viable perspective. Instead of a conclusion, one should note that TQM integration in the organizational setting is currently the number one priority for managers dealing with strategic planning at their workplaces. TQM is a universal model increasing the competitive edge of the company, reducing costs and waste, and increasing product quality. The TQM approach helps organizations to become more customer-focused, and to gain higher levels of customer satisfaction. Therefore, it is a step towards a new stage in strategic management of any organization, giving a comprehensive, holistic approach to supervision, planning, and organizational change. Works Cited Ambang, Tabian. â€Å"Influences of internatio nal management trends on business organizations in Papua New Guinea†. Contemporary PNG Studies: DWU Research Journal. 13 (2010): 81-94. Jafar, Azizi, Mohammad, Taleghani, Fariba, Esmaielpoor, and Gudarzvand Chegini Mehrdad. â€Å"Effect of the quality costing system on implementation and execution of optimum Total Quality Management†. International Journal of Business and Management. 5:8 (2010): 19-26. Koc, Tufan. â€Å"The relationship between TQM and performance in small manufacturing enterprises: The mediation effect of failure†. International Journal of Industrial Engineering. 18:4 (2011): 203-218. Naagarazan, R. S., and Arivalagar, A. A. Total Quality Management. New Delhi, India: New Age International, 2009.Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Powell, C. Thomas. â€Å"Total Quality Management as competitive advantage: a review and empirical study†. Strategic Management Journal. 16 (1995): 15-37. Rampersad, K. Hubert. Total Quality Management: An Executive Guide to Continuous Improvement. New York, NY: Springer, 2010. Rawlins, R. Ashley. Total Quality Management (TQM). Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse, 2008. Talib, Faisal, Rahman, Zillur, and M. N. Qureshi. â€Å"Integrating Total Quality Management and Supply Chain Management: Similarities and benefits†. The IUP Journal of Supply Chain Management. 7:4 (2010): 26-44. Teeravaraprug, Jirarat, Kitiwanwong, Ketlada, and Nuttapon Sae Tong. â€Å"Relationship model and supporting activities of JIT, TQM and TPM†. Songklanakarin Journal of Science Technology. 33:1 (2011): 101-106. Wienclaw, E. Ruth. â€Å"Business strategy and policy†. EBSCO Research Starters. 2008 Birmingham, AL: EBSCO Publishing Inc., 2008. This report on Total Quality Management (TQM) as a Significant Issue in the Contemporary Strategic Management was written and submitted by user Grant Snyder to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Sunday, March 15, 2020

Different Suffixes for Different Contexts

Different Suffixes for Different Contexts Different Suffixes for Different Contexts Different Suffixes for Different Contexts By Mark Nichol Many words derived from Latin have two (and occasionally three or more) possible plural forms. The distinction is usually between popular usage based on English plural endings grafted onto Latin terms and scientific or technical form based on a traditional reading of the original language. Here are discussions of alternatives for plural forms of six types of word endings. -as or -ae Antennas are devices for carrying radio signals; antennae are sensory organs attached to the heads of certain creatures. Formulas might be used in a comparison of beverage mixtures for infants (and for other popular usage and even business contexts), while formulae is the formal term for mathematical or scientific expressions. -eaus or -eaux French words borrowed into English that end in -eau usually take the English plural form -s. The form ending in -x is likely to be seen as pedantic unless it is clearly used in a mocking sense (as when a writer facetiously sympathizes with a billionaire who has felt compelled to sell one of several chateaux.) -exes/-ixes or -ices Words ending in -ex or -ix (appendix, index, matrix, vertex) are generally followed by the plural form -es in all but the most technical contexts, though in scholarly publishing, appendices is the norm to refer to two or more pieces of additional text following the main section of a book. -mas or -mata Few words derived from Greek that end in -ma are in general usage, at least in plural form. (Anathema, for example, is common in singular form but not in plural form.) Dogma and schema, however, take an -s plural ending in popular usage; -mata is the formal alternative. -ums or -a Words ending in -um sometimes take an -s as a plural ending in popular usage and -ia in scientific or technical contexts consortium, criterion, forum, spectrum, and symposium come to mind but several notable exceptions exist: Mediums applies informally to multiple objects such as garments labeled as medium size, or to two or more spiritualists, while forms of communication are almost invariably referred to as media; that form is also prevalent in digital technology. (In relatively obscure scientific contexts, media is the singular form, and mediae is the plural form.) Memoranda and millennia are the preferred plural forms even in popular usage. Phenomena is prevalent over phenomenons, but the latter form (or the truncation phenoms) might be used as slang to refer to more than one particularly talented person. us- or -i The singular form of octopus is used to refer collectively to specimens used as food. (â€Å"The main course was sautà ©ed octopus.†) Octopuses is the most sensible plural form in general; octopi is incorrect because octopus is from Greek, not Latin, and -i is a Latin plural suffix, but the Greek form, octopodes, employing the Greek plural suffix -odes, is rare. The same is true, generally, of the plural form of platypuses, though the singular form frequently does double duty. Cactus, however, is Latin (albeit botanical, rather than classical, Latin), not Greek. Cacti is the prevalent plural form, though cactus and cactuses are also common. Other words ending in -us vary in their plural form: focus, fungus, and radius become, depending on formality, focuses, funguses, and radiuses or foci, fungi, and radii, while corpus and genus take an -era ending (corpera, genera) in scientific contexts. The only correct plural form for census and prospectus is the English plural ending -es (and campi is a rare plural form for campus), but alumnus becomes alumni; alumnuses is incorrect. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Spelling category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:Direct and Indirect ObjectsThe Six Spellings of "Long E"Supervise vs. Monitor

Thursday, February 27, 2020

Concept and components of business cycles Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Concept and components of business cycles - Essay Example Whenever talks are made concerning the economic or business fluctuations, notions of aggregate economic income or output is anticipated. This is because, while business cycles are expressed in terms of fluctuations in GDP, there is usually an accompaniment by labor unemployment rate fluctuations too (Parkin, 2012). However, economists have often noted that there is variation in the lengths of a complete business cycle, as the duration may range from between two to twelve years, but averagely six years. Business cycles are significant in the sense that they highlight the economic relationships that exists in the economy. For instance, while growth in the economy will fall and rise with cycles, it generates a long-term trend line for growth. Economic growth above the trend line would result in a fall in the unemployment rate. Based on Okun’s Law, a 1% rise in GDP above the trend line would result in a 0.5% decline in the employment (Parkin & Bade, 2001). A business cycle is often comprised of four main stages that form its components. These are the recession (trough), contraction, recovery and expansion, and growth (peak). Even though the concept of the business cycle is used in relation to the larger economy, its phases can be applied to several sections of the business or a particular industry. The expansion and recovery phase relates to the period in which the business is rising, and consumer confidence is growing in the economy. As such, companies seize the opportunity to expand, and incomes and spending rates increase. This period is often associated with significant aggregate increase in factors such as total income, output, trade and employment rates. It persists for approximately six months, and is characterized by a widespread expansion of economic units/sectors in the economy. An extended period of this phase results in a boom in which the

Tuesday, February 11, 2020

Formal Organizations and Bureaucracy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Formal Organizations and Bureaucracy - Essay Example Though some of the managers there were recruited from other firms, the majority of them started out as representatives or sales persons in a lower ranking position. The philosophy of the firm was that it would always seek persons from within the organization to fill the empty slots at higher ranks before looking outside for possible employees. This offered motivation to many of the workers in the organization, and therefore, many CSR's worked very hard at their positions and went the extra mile of attempting to become excellent sales representatives as well, in order that the promised rewards would follow. One drawback of this bureaucratic institution that had a particular effect on me was the alienation that inevitably attended an organization of such immense size and structure. Every single minute of the day was planned out for me as an employee. Breaks were scheduled, as were lunch times; and electronic systems and constant overhead monitoring made sure that no deviations from the stringent patterns were possible. Although rewards were merely possible, punishment was a certainty.